The Coastal Zone Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1451 - 1465) established the national policy to preserve, protect, develop, and restore the Nation’s coastal zones. The Act is intended to “encourage and assist” the states in developing, implementing monitoring and enforcing coastal management programs to achieve wise use of the land and water resources of the coastal zones, including the Great Lakes. The law provides for various grants to coastal states for development of coastal zone management plans, management of various programs once such plans are developed, and to encourage additional programs to preserve or restore certain areas, including deteriorating and underutilized urban waterfronts or ports.
Provisions of the law establish extensive coordination, cooperation and participation guidelines for federal and state agencies, local governments and the public. The Act establishes a Coastal Zone Management Fund and provides for coastal zone enhancement grants and technical assistance programs.
(Always refer to the most current version of the law, either by checking the compiled laws, or referring to the U.S.Code Service site above.)